Tài liệu học tập Khối 10 là tài liệu dùng kèm với Sách Giáo Khoa Tiếng Anh trong giờ học chính khoá. Tài liệu gồm phần tóm tắt bài học cơ bản và các bài tập đơn giảng để giúp học sinh tự rèn luyện kiến thức và kỹ năng Tiếng Anh. Trong quá trình biên tập, quyển sách sẽ không thể nào không có lỗi. Mọi câu hỏi học sinh có thể gửi cho giáo viên bộ môn để được giải đáp cụ thể.

UNIT 9: UNDERSEA WORLD

PRACTICE:

KEY:

2. I think you should be more careful

3. I don’t think he should go to work

4. I think she should write to people

5. I don’t think he should drive

6. I think you should go to the dentist

7. I think you should tell your bank

8. I think you should take them back to the shop

9. I think you should tell them to buy fruit

10. I don’t think you should work so hard

Comment on these situations. Use a type 2 conditional.

KEY:

1. If Alan ate breakfast, he would not overeat at lunch

2. If I knew enough about the machine, I would mend it myself

3. If it weren’t so crowded, I would ride the bus to work every morning

4. If more money were spent on cancer research, a prevention would be found

5. If the wind weren’t blowing hard, I would take the boat out for a ride

6. If Nick had a map, he could find the way

7. If Schroeder did not ignore Lucy, she would not get angry at him

8. If I had a dictionary, I could look the word up

9. If Linus were not smart, he would not find clever solutions to life’s problems

10. If our parents did not live so far away, we would visit them more often

Choose the correct completion.

1. I'm not an astronaut. If I...........an astronaut, I ................. my camera with me on the rocket ship.

A. am/ will take

B. were/ would take

C. were/ had taken

D. were/ would have taken

2. Don't throw aerosol into a fire. An aerosol .......... if you ................ it into a fire.

A. will be exploded/ throw

B. would explode/ threw

C. explodes/ will throw

D. can explode/ throw

3. That sounds like a good offer. I.................it if I................you.

A. had accepted/ were

B. will accept/ am

C. would accept/ were

D. accepted/ were

4. Nora is using my car right now. If she................ it back in time, you’re welcome to borrow it.

A. brought

B. would bring

C. will bring

D. brings

5. If energy ......................inexpensive and unlimited, many things in the world would be different.

A. is B.were

C. had been

D. would be

6. If you ............... all of my questions, I ...................... anything to help you.

A. don't answer/ can't do

B. didn't answer/ won't do

C. wouldn't answer/ can't do

D. wouldn't answer/ couldn't do

7. If I ................... wings, I...................... take an airplane to fly home.

A. have/ won't have to

B. had/ wouldn't have to

C. have/ will have to

D. had/ didn't have to

8. 'Here's my phone' number.

'Thanks, I ................you a call if I .................... some help.

A. will give/ will need

B. would give/ needed

C. give/ need

D. will give/ need

9. If we .......................serious about pollution, we ...................... more money on research.

A. had been/ spent

B. were/ had spent

C. were/ would spend

D. are/ will spend

10. Sea water is salty. If the oceans.................of fresh water, there ............. plenty of water to irrigate all of the deserts in the world.

A. consisted/ would be

B. consisted/ were

C. would consist/ could be

D. consist/ will be

 

VOCABULARY REVIEW:

Complete the sentences with the words in the box.

KEY:

1. discoveries

2. contribution

3. challenged

4. mysterious

5. covered

6. maintained

7. investigating

8. entrapment

9. independent

10. conservation

Choose the word or phrase that could best explain the underlined word or phrase in each sentence.

1. If modern technology did not exist, we would never have such preciousinformation.

A. valuable

B. precise

C. confidential

D. detailed

2. Some marineanimals are dangerous to humans.

A. living in the mountain

B. living in the ocean

C. living in the forest

D. living in the house

3. The floor was covered in tiny pieces of paper.

A. unimportant

B. many

C. very large

D. extremely small

4. Sperm whales and sharks are carnivores.

A. animals that live in the sea

B. animals that only eat plants

C. fish that aren't born from eggs

D. animals that eat meat

5. Human infants have a gestation periodof nine months.

A. the time during which a human baby develops inside its mother

B. the time when a stomach digests food

C. the time of eating food

D. the time of growing up

6. We had an accidentalmeeting with an old friend at the party last night.

A. unpleasant

B. unexpected

C. unlucky

D. unacceptable

7. How many offspringsdoes a sperm whale usually have?

A. eggs

B. mammals

C. babies

D. diets

8. Whales feed on krill.

A. tiny shellfish

B. small fish

C. sea plants

D. small animals

Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer – A, B, C, or D.

Most people are afraid of sharks, but they usually do not know much about them. For example, there are about 350 species of sharks that live in oceans over the world. All of the sharks are carnivores, but most of them don't attack people. Some sharks are very small - the smallest shark is about 6 inches long - about as long as your hand. But some sharks are very large. The largest species of sharks may be 60 feet long and weigh 15 tons. Unlike many other kinds of fish, sharks do not have bone. Their bodies are made up of a kind of tough white flexible material (called cartilage). Sharks do not have ears. However, they 'hear’ sounds and movements in the water. Any sound or movement makes the water vibrates. Sharks can feel these vibrations, and theyhelp the sharks find food. Sharks use their large eyes to find food, too. Most sharks see best in low light. They often hunt for food at dawn, in the evening, or in the middle of the night.

Nowadays scientists want to learn more about sharks for several reasons. For example, cancer is common in many animals, including, people. However, it is rare in sharks. Scientists want to find out why sharks almost never get cancer. Maybe this information can help people prevent cancer, too.

1. According to the passage, sharks _____________

A. are big mammals.

B. usually live in warm water.

  1. are meat eaters.
  2. D. always attack humans.

2. How long is a smallest shark?

A. About 6 centimeters

B. As long as a hand

C. As one's long hand

D. About 1,5 meters

3. The word 'they' refers to ________

A. sharks

B. sounds

C. vibrations

D. movements

4. Sharks can hunt for food at night because ____________

A. they 'hear' more clearly at night.

B. their eyes are large.

C. they feel vibrations in the water.

D. they see well in the dark.

5. Which of the following is not true?

A. Large sharks can weigh up to 15,000 kg.

B. Sharks' bodies are made up of cartilage.

C. Sharks can find their food by feeling vibrations.

D. Sharks often attack people.

6. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ______________

A. sharks are being studied.

B. the cancer risk among animals is found to be higher.

C. scientists are given permission to catch sharks for their studies.

D. information about sharks help people cure cancer.

 

TEST FOR UNIT 9

PRONUNCIATION

A. Choose the word that has the underlined (letters) pronounced differently from the others.

1. A. gulf

B. surface

C. submarine

D. culture

2. A. ocean

B. undersea

C. beneath

D. deep

3. A. animal

B. sample

C. analyse

D. gestation

4. A. tiny

B. device

C. kill

D. migrate

5. A. think

B. mother

C. further

D. breathe

B.Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others.

1. A. maintain

B. marine

C. challenge

D. device

2. A. investigate

B. information

C. submarine

D. independent

3. A. organism

B. environment

C. temperature

D. satellite

4. A. carnivore

B. entrapment

C. technology

D. release

5. A. mystery

B. mammal

C. pacific

D. herbicide

VOCABULARY AND DEPRESSION

Choose one word or phrase - A, B, C, or D- that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.

1. Some whales migrate into warm waters to bear their....................

A. young

B. diets

C. calves

D. young whales

2. .................... is the variety of different types of plant and animal life in a particular region.

A. Interaction

B. Herbicide

C. Environment

D. Biodiversity

3. He is a/an .......... biologist. He spends all his life studying sea plants and animals.

A. ocean

B. marine

C. botany

D. water

4. ......................is a chemical used for killing-weeds.

A. Pesticide

B. Herbicide

C. Fertilizer

D. Antibiotic

5. We all enjoyed the waters of Timor Sea and the coral reefs that lie ...................

A. under

B. behind

C. beneath

D. beside

6. Some tiny organisms are ................... along by the currents.

A. carried

B. taken

C. flowed

D. moved

7. Sperm whales are ................, which means they eat meat.

A. herbivores

B. carnivores

C. omnivores

D. mammals

8. Sperm whale population are at riskdue to hunting.

A. in extinction

B. in danger

C. on the decrease

D. in fewness

9. These birds..........................to North Africa in winter.

A. settle

B. go

C. relocate

D. migrate

10. Unless the biodiversity were maintained, marine life would be ……..… stake.

A. at

B. on

C.in

D. under

GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE

A.Choose the word or phrase - A, B, C, or D - that best completes the sentence.

1. What would Tom do if he ......................... the truth?

A. would know

B. has known

C. knows

D. knew

2. Jim wanted to know................call and tell him where to meet you.

A. you could

B. whether you can

C. if you could

D. when could you

3. Could you talk........................? I'm trying to work.

A. more quietly

B. quieter than

C. more quiet

D. quiet

4. Whales and sharks are carnivores, ....................... means they eat meat.

A. this

B. that

C. it

D. which

5. Would you mind if I………..…you tonight?

A. call

B. called

C. calling

D. will call

6. You....................Mark. You know it's a secret.

A. should tell

B. shouldn't tell

C. couldn't tell D

. might tell

7. Owls have a strong beak and sharp talons.................mice and other small prey.

A. which used to catch

B. used for catching

C. their use is to catch

D. they are used for catching

8. We wondered why....................... a tip.

A. to leave

B. should we leave

C. we should leave

D. don't we leave

9. If someone .................... into the store, smile and say, 'May I help you?'

A. comes

B. came

C. will come

D. would come

10. ...................you, I would think twice about that decision. It could be a bad move.

A. If I am

B. Should I be

C. Were I

D. If I had been

11. 'Would you like some cake?' 'No, thanks. If I …………...cake, I....................fat.'

A. ate/ will get

B. ate/ would get

C. would eat/ could get

D. am eating/ will get

12. ‘'What are you doing later this afternoon?’ ‘Oh, ................. the game finishes, I’ll go home, I expect.'

A. if

B. in case

C. unless

D. when

13. If I weren't working for an accounting firm, I …………… in a bank.

A. work

B. will work

C. have worked

D. would be working

14. 'Why are you so late?' 'I .................... my aunt to the airport. The traffic was terrible.

A. could take

B. must have taken

C. should take

D. had to take

B. Identify the one underlined word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that must be changed for the sentence to be correct.

1. Jack will win theelection ifhe campaignedharder.

A B C D

2.We're used tothink thatthere wasno life in the ocean depths.

A B C D

3.Alarge portion of the world'swater supply have beencontaminated by factory

A B C

waste, ships and oil spills.

D

4. You can't go intothe reception ifyou've gota ticket.

A B C D

5. The match wascancelled due tothe weatherwas unbelievably bad.

A B C D

6.Despitehis disability, he tried leadingas normal a lifeas possible.

A B C D

7.Couldyou tell me when doesthe next train leavesand where to buytickets?

A B C D

8. I thinkyou shouldn'tdo if it's the rightthing to do.

A B C D

9. Unless wework harder, we willfinishontime.

A B C D

Correction:

  1. Campaigns
  2. Used to
  3. Has been
  4. Unless
  5. Because/ since/ as
  6. To lead
  7. Bỏ “does”
  8. Should
  9. Will not

READING COMPREHENSION

A. Choose the correct option A, B, C, or D to complete this,passage.

For many years, people (1)………….. that the cleverest animals after man were chimpanzees. Now, however, there is (2)………….. that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes. Although a dolphin lives in the sea, it is not a fish. It is a (3) …………. It is in many ways, (4)…………, like a human being. Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be (5)………... for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can (6)…………. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which (7)………… he and dolphins can understand. Dolphins are also (8)…………. friendly to man. They often (9)…………..ships. There are many stories of dolphins guiding ships (10)………… difficult and dangerous water.

1. A. blame

B. claim

C. believe

D. require

2. A. plan

B. proof

C. thought

D. cause

3. A. animal

B. carnivore

C. mammal D. reptile

4. A. however

B. moreover

C. nevertheless

D. therefore

5. A. difficult

B. possible

C. impossible

D. simple

6. A. make

B. do

C. speak

D. create

7. A. either

B. neither

C. two

D. both

8. A. so

B. too

C. very

D. such

9. A. chase

B. swim

C. follow

D. find

10. A. to

B. through

C. into

D. from

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer

Man is a land animal, but he closely tied to the sea. Throughout history the sea has served the needs of man. The sea provided man with food and convenient way to travel to many parts of the world. Today, nearly two thirds of the world's population live within 80 kilometers of the sea coast.

In the modern technological world, the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive. Resources on land are beginning to be used up. The sea, however, still can be hoped to supply many of man's needs.

The list of riches of the sea yet to be developed by man's technology is impressive. Oil and gas exploration has been carried out for nearly 30 years. Valuable amounts of mineral exist on the ocean floor ready to be mined.

Fish farming- promises to be a good way to produce large quantities of food. The culture of fish and shellfish is an ancient skill practiced in the past mainly by the Oriental people.

Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new source of energy. Experts believe that the warm temperature of the ocean can be used in a way similar to the steam in a steamship. Ocean currents and waves offer possible use as a source of energy. Technology is enabling man to explore ever more deeply under the sea. The development of strong, new materials has made this possible.

The technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. Experts believe that by the year 2020 the problems that prevent us from exploiting fully the food, minerals and energy sources of the sea will be largely solved.

1. The best title for this passage is ……………

A. Sea Harvest B. Sea Food

C. Man and the Sea D. Technology for exploiting the Sea

2. The major things that the sea offers man are ………………..

A. fish and oil.

B. minerals and oil

C. warm temperature and ocean currents.

D. the food energy sources, and minerals.

3. The sea serves the needs of man because ……………….

A. it provides man with food.

B. it supplies man with minerals.

C. it offers oil to man

D. all are correct

  1. The words 'Oriental people' in paragraph 4 probably mean…………………..

A. the people in Asia

B. African people

C. European people

D. American people

  1. We can conclude from this passage that ……………..

A. the sea resources have largely been used up.

B. the sea has not yet been fully exploited.

C. the problems that prevent us from using the food, minerals and energy sources of the sea have already been solved.

D. by the year 2020 the technology will be good enough to exploit all the sea resources.

WRITING

Choose the best option to complete the secondsentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first.

1. Climbing without a safety rope is forbidden.

You ________________________________________________

A. aren't allowed to climb without a safety rope.

B. don't permit to climb without a safety rope.

C. aren't forbidden climbing without a safety rope.

D. had better climb with a safety rope.

2. Nigel hasn't got satellite TV, so he can't watch the game.

If ________________________________________________

A. Nigel has satellite-TV, he can watch the game.

B. Nigel has got satellite TV, he would able to watch the game.

C. Nigel had satellite TV, he could watch the game.

D. Nigel would have satellite TV, he could watch the game.

3. Walking home alone is not a good idea.

You ________________________________________________

A. can't walk home alone. B. mustn't walk home alone.

  1. C. don't have to walk home alone. shouldn't walk home alone.

4. The man had his dirty car washed at last.

A. the car got dirty last week.

B. the man’s dirty car wasn’t washed.

C. the man got dirty when he last washed the car.

D. someone finally washed the man’s car.

5. Throw a stone into water and it sinks.

If ________________________________________________

A. you threw a stone into water, it would sink.

B. a stone is thrown into water, it may sink.

C. you will throw a stone into water, it sinks.

D. you throw a stone into water, it sinks.

6. You can't travel on this train unless you have a reservation.

If ________________________________________________

A. you have a reservation. you can't travel on this train.

B. you don't have a reservation, you can't travel on this train.

C. you don't have a reservation, you can travel on this train.

D. you 'won't have a reservation, you can't travel on this train.