IELTS WritingWriting Task 2

Gợi ý đề thi Writing Task 2 ngày 21/4/2024: production of consumer goods damaging the natural environment

“The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. Why is this? What can be done to solve this problem?”

Ideas for IELTS Writing Task 2: Environmental Impact of Consumer Goods Production


  1. Why Production Damages Environment:
    • Industrial processes often emit pollutants into the air and water.
    • Overuse of resources like water and minerals depletes natural reserves.
    • Deforestation for agricultural or industrial space reduces biodiversity.
  2. Solutions:
    • Implement stricter environmental regulations to control pollution.
    • Promote sustainable production techniques and renewable energy use.
    • Encourage consumer awareness and demand for eco-friendly products.


  1. Tại sao sản xuất lại gây hại cho môi trường tự nhiên:
    • Các quá trình công nghiệp thường xuyên thải ra các chất ô nhiễm vào không khí và nước.
    • Lạm dụng tài nguyên như nước và khoáng sản làm cạn kiệt các nguồn tài nguyên tự nhiên.
    • Phá rừng để lấy đất nông nghiệp hoặc công nghiệp làm giảm đa dạng sinh học.
  2. Giải pháp:
    • Áp dụng các quy định bảo vệ môi trường nghiêm ngặt hơn để kiểm soát ô nhiễm.
    • Khuyến khích các kỹ thuật sản xuất bền vững và sử dụng năng lượng tái tạo.
    • Nâng cao nhận thức của người tiêu dùng và thúc đẩy nhu cầu về các sản phẩm thân thiện với môi trường.

Useful Vocabulary and Collocations for This Essay

  • Vocabulary: pollutants, renewable resources, sustainable, biodiversity, deforestation, regulations, emissions, depletion, eco-friendly.
  • Collocations: environmental impact, reduce emissions, enforce regulations, sustainable practices, renewable energy, resource depletion, consumer awareness, promote sustainability, environmental conservation.

Sample Essay

The rapid escalation in consumer goods production has significant adverse effects on our natural environment. This essay explores the main reasons behind this phenomenon and proposes viable solutions to mitigate these impacts.

First and foremost, the manufacturing processes involved in producing consumer goods are major sources of environmental pollution. Factories often release harmful pollutants into the air and water bodies, which can lead to serious health problems and ecological damage. For example, the chemical industry discharges waste that can harm aquatic life and disrupt ecosystems.

Furthermore, the production of consumer goods necessitates the extensive use of natural resources, such as water, minerals, and timber. This resource depletion is exacerbated by practices like overmining and excessive groundwater extraction. Additionally, deforestation to expand industrial areas or cultivate raw materials not only reduces biodiversity but also increases carbon emissions, contributing to global warming.

To address these issues, it is crucial to enforce stricter environmental regulations. Governments should impose limits on emissions and ensure that industries treat their waste before disposal. Moreover, promoting sustainable practices within industries is essential. This includes using renewable energy sources like solar or wind power, which significantly reduce emissions and are less harmful to the environment.

Consumer awareness is another pivotal area. By educating the public about the environmental impacts of their purchases, consumers can be encouraged to opt for eco-friendly products. Such demand shifts can compel companies to adopt greener practices and prioritize sustainability.

In conclusion, while the production of consumer goods is essential for economic growth, it should not come at the cost of environmental degradation. By implementing rigorous regulations, encouraging sustainable industrial practices, and fostering consumer awareness, we can ensure a healthier planet for future generations. These steps are not merely advisable; they are imperative for the well-being of our environment.