IELTS WritingWriting Task 2

Gợi ý đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 20/4/2024

IELTS Writing Question on 20 April 2024

“Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others say it causes the loss of national identities. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion.”

Suggested Ideas (English & Vietnamese)


  1. Positive Effects:
    • Economic growth due to international trade.
    • Exchange of cultural values leading to broader understanding and cooperation.
    • Technological advancements through shared knowledge.
  2. Negative Effects:
    • Erosion of traditional cultures and national identities.
    • Economic dependency on stronger nations.
    • Homogenization of global culture, leading to loss of uniqueness.


  1. Tác động tích cực:
    • Tăng trưởng kinh tế nhờ thương mại quốc tế.
    • Trao đổi giá trị văn hóa dẫn đến sự hiểu biết rộng lớn và hợp tác.
    • Tiến bộ công nghệ thông qua chia sẻ kiến thức.
  2. Tác động tiêu cực:
    • Sự mai một của các nền văn hóa truyền thống và bản sắc quốc gia.
    • Phụ thuộc kinh tế vào các quốc gia mạnh hơn.
    • Sự đồng hóa văn hóa toàn cầu, dẫn đến mất đi tính độc đáo.

Detailed Template


  • Introduce the topic briefly.
  • State that the essay will discuss both the positive and negative effects.
  • Mention your thesis (opinion) on whether the positives outweigh the negatives or vice versa.

Body Paragraph 1: Positive Effects

  • Topic sentence: Introduce the positive aspects.
  • Example(s)/Evidence: Concrete examples of economic growth, cultural exchanges, technological advancements.
  • Explanation: Explain how these contribute to positive outcomes.

Body Paragraph 2: Negative Effects

  • Topic sentence: Introduce the negative aspects.
  • Example(s)/Evidence: Concrete examples of cultural erosion, economic dependency, cultural homogenization.
  • Explanation: Discuss the implications of these effects on national identities.


  • Summarize both views.
  • Restate your opinion clearly.
  • Conclude with a closing thought or a call to action.

Useful Expressions

  • “One of the main benefits of…”
  • “On the other hand,…”
  • “This is exemplified by…”
  • “As a result,…”
  • “Consequently,…”
  • “It is widely argued that…”
  • “Furthermore,…”
  • “Nevertheless,…”
  • “To illustrate,…”
  • “In conclusion,…”

Sample Essay

The globalization of business and culture has led to intense debates about its impacts on society. While some argue that this phenomenon fosters economic prosperity and cultural understanding, others fear it may erase the unique identities of nations. This essay will explore both sides of the argument and will argue that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks.

One of the main benefits of increased global interaction is economic growth. Countries that engage in international trade experience inflows of foreign capital, which enhance their industrial bases and employment levels. For instance, Vietnam has seen a surge in its GDP since opening up to global markets. Furthermore, cultural exchanges during such interactions broaden mutual understanding and foster cooperation among nations. This is exemplified by educational exchange programs that bring together students from diverse backgrounds, promoting a global outlook.

On the other hand, the surge in global connectivity can lead to significant cultural and economic setbacks. National cultures may be overshadowed by a dominant global culture, leading to a loss of traditional customs and languages. For example, local businesses in many countries struggle to compete with multinational corporations, risking economic dependence and a loss of cultural identity. This homogenization of cultures diminishes the unique characteristics that define a nation’s heritage.

In conclusion, while the arguments against global business and cultural contact are significant, the economic and interpersonal benefits that it brings cannot be ignored. The challenge lies in managing these interactions to preserve national identities while embracing the positive changes. In my view, the positives do indeed outweigh the negatives, suggesting a need for balanced approaches in global policymaking.