Đề và đáp án luyện tập thi THPTQG 2019 - Practice Test 4


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Chúng tôi xin trân trọng giới thiệu bộ đề luyện tập chuẩn bị thi THPTQG 2019. Đề thi được chọn lọc từ nhiều nguồn tài liệu đáng tin cậy và được cung cấp cho tất cả học sinh và giáo viên. Mỗi tuần sẽ có 1 bài luyện tập và kèm theo đáp án để học sinh tự kiểm tra.

Chúc tất cả các em học tập tốt.

TEST 4

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

 

Question 1:

A. cleaned                 

B. learned                  

C. opened                  

D. leaned

Question 2:

A. vision                     

B. decision                  

C. compulsion             

D. provision

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

 

Question 3:

A. volunteer               

B. vocation                

C. attendance            

D. compulsory

Question 4:

A. organization            

B. orphanage              

C. mountainous          

D. time-consuming

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

 

Question 5: Higher general education is based on theoretical expertise and might be contrasted with higher vocational education, which concentrating on both practice and theory.

A. is based on        

B. expertise  

C. contrasted with

D. concentrating

Question 6: Despite modern medical technology, many diseases causing by viruses I are still not curable.

A. Despite        

B. many           

C. causing       

D. curable

Question 7: It was suggested that Pedro studied the material more thoroughly before attempting to pass the exam.

A. studied        

B. more           

C. attempting   

D. to pass

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

 

Question 8: For many years people have wondered __________ exists elsewhere in the universe.

A. that life        

B. life which     

C. whether life 

D. life as it

Question 9: After feeling off__________for days, Tom finally went to see his doctor.

A. food             

B. color            

C. fitness         

D. balance

Question 10: __________the phone rang later that night did Anna remember the appointment.

A. No sooner   

B. Only            

C. Not until      

D. Just before

Question 11: Jeremy's friends were fond of him__________because of his generosity.

A. at least        

B. still less       

C. even less    

D. not least

Question 12: Some high school students often __________ helping the disadvantaged or handicapped children.

A. look after     

B. clean up      

C. make out     

D. participate in

Question 13: A home for children whose parents are dead is called a(n) __________.

A. kindergarten                                

B. orphanage

C. street people house                    

D. lodging

Question 14: The local authority asked for a__________contribution from the community to

repair roads and bridges.

A. volunteer             

B. voluntary              

C. voluntarily            

D. voluntariness

Question 15: A/an_ is an official document stating that you have passed an examination, completed a course, or achieved some necessary qualifications.

A. certificate             

B.  requirement        

C. education            

D. test

Question 16: The use of computer aids in teaching, __________the role of teachers is still very important.

A. yet                       

B.  unless                 

C. despite                

D. where

Question 17: After leaving high school, a student can apply for a position in either university __________ a vocational school.

A. with                    

B. and                     

C. nor                     

D. or

Question 18: She frequently volunteers__________extra work because she really likes her job.

A. to                       

B. for                      

C. with                    

D. in

Question 19: Tom looks so frightened and upset. He__________something terrible.

A. may have experienced                 

B. could have experienced

C. should have experienced             

D. must have experienced

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

 

Question 20: Two friends Diana and Anne are talking with each other about their shopping.

  • Diana: "Look at this catalog, Anne. I think I want to get this red blouse."
  • Anne: "__________"

A. Don't you have one like this in blue?

B. I'll go myself, then.

C. That's a long way to go, dear.      

D. No, thank you.

Question 21: Mary invited her friend, Sarah, to have dinner out that night and Sarah accepted.

  • Mary: "Shall we eat out tonight?"
  • Sarah: "__________"

A. That's a great idea.                  

B. That's acceptable.

C. See you next time.                   

D. You are very welcome.

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

 

Question 22: A bank has promised a donation of $24 million toward the disaster fund.

A. connection      

B. addition          

C. contribution     

D. provision

Question 23: In England, primary education is provided by state schools run by the government and by independent fee-paying schools.

A. public              

B. obligatory        

C. vocational       

D. category

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

 

Question 24: At first, there was a lot of opposition from the parents of the disabled children. They used to believe that their children couldn't learn anything at all.

A. disapproval     

B. agreement      

C. suspicion        

D. demonstration

Question 25: My brother is an old hand at fixing household appliances. I'm sure he can help you.

A. a green hand  

B. a blue hand    

C. a new hand     

D. a red hand

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

 

Question 26: I'm sure Luisa was very disappointed when she failed the exam.

A. Luisa must be very disappointed when she failed the exam.

B. Luisa must have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.

C. Luisa may be very disappointed when she failed the exam.

D. Luisa could have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.

Question 27: "You had better see a doctor if the sore throat does not clear up," she said to me.

A. She reminded me of seeing a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.

B. She ordered me to see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.

C. She insisted that I see a doctor unless the sore throat did not clear up.

D. She suggested that I see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.

Question 28: Without her teacher's advice, she would never have written such a good essay.

A. Her teacher advised her and she didn't write a good essay.

B. Her teacher didn't advise her and she didn't write a good essay.

C. She wrote a good essay as her teacher gave her some advice.

D. If her teacher didn't advise her, she wouldn’t write such a good essay.

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

 

Question 29: Some kinds of fish live in fresh water. Others live in sea water.

A. Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, for others live in sea water.

B. Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, and others live in sea water.

C. Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, or others live in sea water.

D. Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, so others live in sea water.

Question 30: The student next to me kept chewing gum. That bothered me a lot.

A. The student next to me kept chewing gum bothering me a lot.

B. The student next to me kept chewing gum, that bothered me a lot.

C. The student next to me kept chewing gum bothered me a lot.

D. The student next to me kept chewing gum, which bothered me a lot.

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.

 

Many people enjoy lying in bed in the morning, but can you imagine having to spend 90 days in bed? Could you stand the boredom and the frustration of not being (31) __________ to get up? That was the task that faced 14 volunteers when they started out on a bed-rest experiment being conducted (32) __________ the European Space Agency.

The study had a serious purpose: to investigate the changes that take place in the human body during long-duration spaceflight. Lying in a horizontal position was the best way of (33) __________ weightlessness. The aim was to discover what effect period of weightlessness will have on the health of astronauts spending several months on the International Space Station. The volunteers ate their meals, took showers and underwent medical tests without ever sitting

up. That's even tougher than it sounds, especially when you (34) __________that no visitors were permitted. However, each volunteer did have a mobile phone, as well as access to the latest films, computer games and music. Surprisingly, Everyone was in a good (35) __________ at the end of the 90 days, T would do it again,' said one of the volunteers. 'It was disorientating, but we knew we were 'contributing to medical research and space exploration.

(Source: https://goo.gl/Au1fwP)

 

Question 31:

A. enabled

B. allowed                                                                                                    

C. granted                                                                                                    

D. approved

Question 32:

A. by

B. on

C. for

D. about

Question 33:

A. simulated

B. simulate

C. to simulate

D. simulating

Question 34:

A. reckon

B. realise                                                                                                    

C. regard                                                                                                    

D. remark

Question 35:

A. attitude

B. spirit

C. feeling

D. mood

                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

People have been donating blood since the early twentieth century to help accident victims and patients undergoing surgical procedures. Usually a pint of whole blood is donated, and it is then divided into platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells. People can donate blood (for red blood cells) about once every two months. Transfusing the blood from the donor to the recipient is straightforward. It involves taking the blood from a donor’s arm vein by means of a hypodermic syringe. The blood flows through a plastic tube to a collection bag or bottle that contains sodium citrate, which prevents the blood from clotting. When the blood is given to a patient, a plastic tube and hypodermic needle are connected to the recipient's arm. The blood flows down from the container by gravity. This is a slow process and may last as long as 2 hours to complete the infusion of blood into the recipient. The patient is protected from being infected during the transfusion. Only sterile containers, tubing, and needles are used, and this helps ensure that transfused or stored blood is not exposed to disease causing bacteria. Negative reactions to transfusions are not unusual. The recipient may suffer an allergic reaction or be sensitive to donor leukocytes. Some may suffer from an undetected red cell incompatibility. Unexplained reactions are also fairly common. Although they are rare, other causes of such negative reactions include contaminated blood, air bubbles in the blood, overloading of the circulatory system through administration of excess blood, or sensitivity to donor plasma or platelets. Today, hospitals and blood banks go to great lengths to screen all blood donors and their blood. All donated blood is routinely and rigorously tested for diseases, such as HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis. When the recipient is a newborn or an infant, the blood is usually irradiated to eliminate harmful elements. Donated blood is washed, and the white blood cells and platelets removed. Storing the blood sometimes requires a freezing process. To freeze the red blood cells, a glycerol solution is added. To unfreeze, the glycerolis removed. The ability to store blood for long periods has been a boon to human health.

(Source: http://www.bts.com.na/whydonate/)

Question 36: The word "it" refers to__________.

A. surgical procedures            

B. accident victims

C. a pint of whole blood           

D. surgery patients

Question 37: According to the passage, how often can people donate blood for red blood cells?

A. Every four months              

B. Every three month

C. Every two months               

D. Every month

Question 38: All of the following are mentioned as potential negative reactions to transfusion EXCEPT__________.

A. Sensitivity to donor leukocytes

B. Air bubbles in the blood

C. Allergies                             

D. Red-cell incompatibility

Question 39: What answer choice is closest in meaning to the word "undetected"?

A. not illustrated                      

B. not captured

C. not found    

D. not wanted

Question 40: What can the phrase "go to great length" best replaced by?

A. irradiate      

B. test rigorously                     

C. monitor routinely

D. removed

Question 41: Based on the information in the passage, what can be inferred about blood transfused to infants and newborns?

A. It is treated with radiant energy.

B. It is not treated differently from adults.

C. It is not dangerous for children.

D. It is rigorously tested as blood for adults.

Question 42: What does the author imply in the passage?

A. Donating blood benefits mankind.

B. Clotting cannot be prevented.

C. Freezing blood destroys platelets.

D. Transfusing blood is a dangerous process.

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.

 

Every summer, when the results of university entrance exam come out, many newspaper stories are published about students who are top-scorers across the country. Most portray students as hard-working, studious, smart and, generally, from low-income families. They are often considered heroes or heroines by their families, communes, villages and communities. And they symbolise the efforts made to lift them, and their relatives, out of poverty. The students are often too poor to attend any extra-classes, which make their achievements more illustrious and more newsworthy. While everyone should applaud the students for their admirable efforts, putting too much emphasis on success generates some difficult questions.

If other students look up to them as models, of course it's great. However, in a way, it contributes to society's attitude that getting into university is the only way to succeed. For those who fail, their lives are over. It should be noted that about 1.3 million high school students take part in the annual university entrance exams and only about 300,000 of them pass. What's about the hundreds of thousands who fail? Should we demand more stories about those who fail the exam but succeed in life or about those who quit university education at some level and do something else unconventional?

"I personally think that it's not about you scoring top in an entrance exam or get even into Harvard. It's about what you do for the rest of your life," said Tran Nguyen Le Van, 29. He is the founder of a website, vexere.com, that passengers can use to book bus tickets online and receive tickets via SMS. His business also arranges online tickets via mobile phones and email. Van dropped out of his MBA at the Thunderbird School of Global Management in Arizona in the United States. His story has caught the attention of many newspapers and he believes more coverage should be given to the youngsters who can be role-models in the start-up community. Getting into university, even with honours, is just the beginning. "We applaud them and their efforts and obviously that can give them motivation to do better in life. However, success requires more than just scores," Van said. Van once told a newspaper that his inspiration also came from among the world's most famous drop-outs, such as Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook or Bill Gates who also dropped out of Harvard University.

Alarming statistics about unemployment continues to plague us. As many as 162,000 people with some kind of degree cannot find work, according to Labour Ministry's statistics this month. An emphasis on getting into university does not inspire students who want to try alternative options. At the same time, the Ministry of Education and Training is still pondering on how to reform our exam system, which emphasises theories, but offers little to develop critical thinking or practice. Vu Thi Phuong Anh, former head of the Centre for Education Testing and Quality Assessment at Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City said the media should also monitor student successes after graduation. She agreed there were many success stories about young people, but added that it was imbalanced if students taking unconventional paths were not also encouraged.

Vietnam is, more than ever, in desperate need of those who think outside the box. Time for us to recognise talent, no matter where it comes from or how.

(Source: http://vietnamnews.vn)

Question 43: Which of the following best describes the main idea of this passage?

A. Many students consider universities as their only way after school.

B. A good model of being successful in the real life out of school.

C. Not many students are successful after graduating from universities.

D. University is not the only way to success.

Question 44: What is NOT stated in the passage about the top-scorers in the entrance exam?

A. The majority of them are poor but intelligent and eager to learn.

B. They are hoped to find the way to better their families' lives.

C. Their success is more glorious because they attend more classes than others.

D. The students are admired for the great efforts.

Question 45: The word "unconventional" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by __________.

A. common      

B. unusual       

C. well-known  

D. infamous

Question 46: The author described Tran Nguyen Le Van in the third passage as__________.

A. a good example to achieve success although he didn't finish his education.

B. a businessman who gains money by selling mobile phones online.

C. a founder whose website was inspired from social networks like Facebook.

D. a top-scorer who books online tickets and confirms through messages.

Question 47: The word "them" in paragraph 3 refers to__________.

A. honours      

B. role-models 

C. the youngsters                     

D. newspapers

Question 48: The word "plague" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to__________.

A. conflict        

B. afflict          

C. remind        

D. bother

Question 49: According to the fourth paragraph, what is TRUE about the modern exam system?

A. It puts too much pressure on students who must get a place in a university.

B. Students are not encouraged to do something different.

C. The government is trying to change the theories of exam.

D. Many stories about successful students cannot inspire those who attend universities.

Question 50: What can be inferred from the passage?

A. It's high time for the young to change their ways of thinking about success.

B. High scores are the first step to attain achievements in the future.

C. Failing the entrance exam will not determine that these students are doing unconventional things.

D. The most concerned thing for each student is unemployment.

 

ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT

 

 

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