Đề và đáp án luyện tập thi THPTQG 2019 - Practice Test 1


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Thầy Nguyễn Thanh Bình trân trọng giới thiệu bộ đề luyện tập chuẩn bị thi THPTQG 2019. Đề thi được chọn lọc từ nhiều nguồn tài liệu đáng tin cậy và được cung cấp cho tất cả học sinh và giáo viên. Mỗi tuần sẽ có 1 bài luyện tập và kèm theo đáp án được gửi vào cuối tuần để học sinh tự kiểm tra.

Chúc tất cả các em học tập tốt.

ĐỀ LUYỆN TẬP THI THPT QUỐC GIA 2019

THỜI GIAN LÀM BÀI: 60 phút

PRACTICE TEST 1

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1:

A. determined

B.excited

C.judged

D. seemed

Question 2:

A. nuclear

B.disappear

C. pear

D. clear

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3:

A. presentation

B. acquaintance

C. enthusiasm

D. suspicious

Question 4:

A. district

B.harrow

C.tobacco

D. peasant

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 5:If we really_________ tosucceed, we must have to work hard.

A. want

B. wants

C. wanted

D. had wanted

Question 6:My responsibility is to wash the dishes and take_________ the garbage every day.

A. up

B.in

C.on

D. out

Question 7: The problems of the past few months have_________ their toll on her health and there are shadows under her eyes.

A. taken

B. effected

C. had

D. changed

Question 8:There is no truth in the_________ that Margaret has lost her job.

A. rumor

B. news

C. coverage

D. gossip

Question 9: I've got lots of_________, but only a few are really good friends.

A. acquainted

B. acquaint

C. acquaintance

D. acquaintances

Question 10: Most children enjoy_________ with their parents and siblings.

A. play

B. to play

C. playing

D. played

Question 11:At this time last night, She_________ and he the newspaper.

A. is cooking / is reading

B. was cooking / was reading

C. has cooked / is reading

D. was cooking /read

Question 12: The party,_________ I was the guest of honor, was extremely enjoyable.

A. at that

B. at which

C. to that

D. to which

Question 13:You always share everything with Lan, so she_________ your best friend.

A. must be

B. must have been

C. maybe

D. might have been

Question 14: People believe that men make build the house and women make it home,_________?

A. do they

B.don’t they

C.will they

D. will you

Question 15: The President expressed his deep_________ over the bombing deaths.

A. grief

B.sorrow

C.sadness

D. all are correct

Question 16: It is parents' duty and responsibility to_________ hands to take care of their children and give them a happy home.

A. give

B. hold

C. join

D. shake

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 17: Whenever problems come up, we discuss them franklyand find solutions quickly.

A. honestly

B. constantly

C. loyally

D. unselfishly

Question 18: Unselfishness is the very essence of friendship.

A. necessary part

B. important part

C. difficult part

D. interesting part

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 19: John is the black sheep of the family. He is currently serving 5 years in jail for stealing a car.

A. a member of a family who is regarded as a disgrace and an embarrassment

B. a member of a family who supports family by raising sheep.

C. a member of a family who confers prestige on his family.

D. a breadwinner.

Question 20: There must be a mutual trust between friends.

A.reliance

B.belief

C.defendant

D.suspicion

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 21: Ann and Mary are studying in their classroom.

          Ann: "Can I borrow you dictionary?"

         Mary:“___________”

A. I'm afraid I can't.

B. Here you are!

  1. I think so.

D.Itdoesn'tmatter.

Question 22:Lan and Ba are discussing a question of their teacher.

Lan:“Ithink it is a good idea to have three or four generations living under one roof.

Ba:“__________”

A.I can't agree with you any more. There will be lots of understanding.

B.No, I don't think so. They can help each other a lot

C.That's a good idea. Many old-aged parents like to live in a nursing home.

D.You can say that again.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.

Years ago, in their private family role, women quite often dominate the male members of thehousehold. Women were quite (23)__________to their families. However, the public role of women haschanged (24)__________since the beginning of World War II. During the war, men were away fromhome to the battle. As a (25)__________womenwere in complete control of the home.Theyfoundthemselves doing double and sometimes triple duty. They began to take over the work of their absent husbands and to work outside. They accounted for 73% of the industrial labor force.

Women were forced by economic realities to work in the factories. The women (26)__________worked there were paid low wages, lived in crowded and small dormitories. (27)__________,theyfoundthemselves a place as active members of society.

Question 23:

A. fascinated

B. worried

C. dedicated

D. interested

Question 24:

A. unfortunately

B. approximately

C. nearly

D. darmmatically

Question 25:

A. change

B. result

C. success

D. opportunity

Question 26:

A. who

B. whom

C. whose

D. that

Question 27:

A. Because

B. Therefore

C. However

D. So

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 35.

Do you feel like your teenager is spending most of the day glued to a phone screen? You're not too far off. A new survey from the Pew Research Center reveals the surprising ways that technology intersects with teen friendships—and the results show that 57 percent of teens have made at least one new friend online. Even more surprisingly, only 20 percent of those digital friends ever meet in person.

While teens do connect with their friends face-to-face outside of school, they spend 55 percent of their day texting with friends, and only 25 percent of teens are spending actual time with their friends on a daily basis (outside of school hallways). These new forms of communication are key inmaintaining friendships day-to-day —27 percent of teens instant message their friends every day, 23 percent connect through social media every day, and 7 percent even video chat daily. Text messaging remains the main form of communication —almost half of survey respondents say it's their chosen method of communication with their closest friend.

While girls are more likely to text with their close friends, boys are meeting new friends (and maintaining friendships) in the gaming world—89 percent play with friends they know, and 54 percent play with online-only friends. Whether they're close with their teammates or not, online gamers say that playing makes them feel "more connected" to friends they know, or gamers they've never met.

When making new friends, social media has also become a major part of the teenage identity—62 percent of teens are quick to share their social media usernames when connecting with a new friend (although 80 percent still consider their phone number the best method of contact). Despite the negative consequences—21 percent of teenage users feel worse about their lives because of posts they see on social media—teens also have found support and connection through various platforms. In fact, 68 percent of teens received support during a challenging time in their lives via social media platforms.

Just as technology has become a gateway for new friendships, or a channel to stay connected with current friends, it can also make a friendship breakup more public. The study reveals that girls are more likely to block or unfriend former allies, and 68 percent of all teenage users report experiencing "drama among their friends on social media."

(Source: https://www.realsimple.com/)

Question 28:What is the main idea of the passage?

A.Social media affects friendship too much.

B.Teenagers are making and keeping friends in a surprising way.

C.The difference of making new friends between girls and boys.

D.Social media connects friendship.

Question 29:The word "digital" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to__________.

A.analogue

B. numeracy

C. numerous

D.online

Question30:According to the passage, what percentage of teens spend actual time with their friends?

A.25%

B. 55%

C. 27%

D. 23%

Question 31:The following sentences are true, EXCEPT__________.

A.According to the survey, more than half of teens have ever made new friends online.

B.Teens only meet face-to-face one fifth of online friends they have made.

C.Most teenagers use video chat to maintain relationship with friends.

D.New forms of communication play an important role in keeping friendships.

Question 32:The word "they" in paragraph 3 refers to__________.

A. friends

B.online gamers

C. their teammates

D. online-only friends

Question 33:What can be inferred from the passage?

A.Boys are more likely to meet new friends than girls.

B.Most teens are not easy to give others their usernames when making new friends.

C.The majority of teenage users agree that social media has negative consequences in their lives.

D.Thanks to social media, more than two thirds of teens are supported when they face with challenges in their lives.

Question 34:What is the synonym of the word "breakup" in the last paragraph?

A. termination

B.divorce

C.commencing

D. popularity

Question 35:What does the writer mean when saying "68 percent of all teenage users reportexperiencing "drama among their friends on social media”?

A. Most teenagers take part in drama on social media.

B. Most friends on social media of teens are reported in drama.

C. Most teenagers use their experience in drama with their friends on social media.

D. Most teenagers have ever had conflicts with friends on social media.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 43.

The difference between the nuclear family and the extended family is that a nuclear family refers to a single basic family unit of parents and their children, whereas the extended family refers to their relatives such as grandparents, in-laws, aunts and uncles, etc. In many cultures, and particularly indigenous societies, the latter is the most common basic form of social organization.

A nuclear family is limited, according to Kristy Jackson of Colorado State University, to one or two parents (e.g. a father and mother) and their own child, or children, living together in a single house or other dwellings. In anthropology, they only must be related in this fashion; there is no upper or lower limit on the number of children in a nuclear family.

The extended family is a much more nebulous term, but in essence refers to kin or relations not covered by the above definition. In historical Europe and Asia as well as in Middle Eastern, African, and South American Aboriginal cultures, extended family groups were typically the most basic unit of social organization. The term can differ in specific cultural settings, but generally includes people related in age or by lineage.

Anthropologically, the term "extended family" refers to such a group living together in a household, often with three generations living together (grandparents, parents, and children) and headed in patriarchal societies by the eldest man or by some other chosen leadership figure. However, in common parlance, the term "extended family" is often used by people simply to refer to their cousins, aunts, uncles, and so on, even though they are not living together in a single group.

(Source: https://goo.gl/ssuPq9)

Question 36:What is the passage mainly about?

A. The dominance of nuclear families over extended ones

B. The dominance of extended families over nuclear ones

C. A distinction between nuclear families and extended ones

D. The changes of family types over times

Question 37:The word “the latter" in paragraph 1 refers to __________.

A. family unit

B.relatives

C.the nuclear family

D. the extended family

Question 38:The word "nebulous" in passage 3 is closest in meaning to__________.

A. ambiguous

B.featured

C.difficult

D. incomprehensive

Question 39:Historically, extended families were the most basic unit of social organization in allof the following places EXCEPT__________.

A. The Middle East

B. Asia

C. North America

D. Europe

Question 40:The word "patriarchal" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to__________.

A. ruled or controlled by men

B. equal for both men and women

C. simple with no rules and laws

D. modern with advanced facilities

Question 41:Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Since the 20thcentury, more and more American couples have lived in extended families because of the financial burdens.

B. Nuclear families are the most basic form of social organization all over the world.

C. The popularity of nuclear families in western countries helps to stabilize family arrangement.

D. Traditional nuclear families have changed a lot over times.

Question 42: What can be inferred from the reading passage?

A. Indigenous communities have been completely eradicated all over the world.

B.In the future, all extended families will be replaced by nuclear ones.

C.Anthropology is a science concerning human race and its development.

D.Couples with no children can't be defined as families.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43:Meal time isa great time for family members to talk about that is going on in their lives.

A. is

B. talk about

C. that

D. on in

Question 44:Playing games together is teachable moments to share lessons about sportsmanship, teamwork, perseverance, and to be tolerant of others.

A. is

B. about

C. to be

D. others

Question 45:The school officials are considering a comprehensive planning to alleviate the problem of overcrowding in the dormitories.

A.are

B.planning

C.alleviate

D.overcrowding

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 46:There won't be peace in the conflict if both sides do not really desire it

A.It is only if both sides actually want the conflict to end peacefully that it will happen.

B.As both sides in the conflict apparently desire peace, it is likely that there will be peace soon.

C.The main problem in the conflict seems to be that neither side really desires peace.

D.There has been a lot of fighting in the conflict because both sides seem to want it that way.

Question 47:The accident happened as a result of the driver's not paying attention to the road.

A.If the driver would have paid attention to the road, the accident hadn't happened.

B.Had the driver been paid attention to the road, the accident wouldn't have happened.

C.If the driver had been paying attention to the road, the accident wouldn't have happened.

D.Had the accident not happened, the driver would not have had to pay attention to the road. Question 48:"Shall I help you do the dishes, Carlo?" said Robert

A.Robert suggested helping Carlo with the dishes.

B.Robert suggested to help Carlo do the dishes.

C.Robert offered Carlo to help do the dishes.

D.Robert offered to help Carlo do the dishes.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49:Istarted training to be an accountant one year ago. I had more months to go and then I had to take exams.

A.By the time I’ve taken my exam, I will have started training to be an accountant for a year

B.By the time 1 take my exam, I will have been in training to be an accountant for a year.

C.By the time I took my exam, I had been trained to be an accountant for a year.

D.By the time I've taken my exam, I will be training for a year.

Question 50: I didn't know that you were at home. I didn't drop in.

A.Not knowing that you were at home, but I still dropped in.

B.I didn't know you were at home although I didn't drop in.

C.Not knowing that you were at home, I didn't drop in.

D.If Iknew that you were at home, I would drop in.

 

THIS IS THE END OF THE TEST

Đáp Án:

 

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